John A. Macdonald was born a Scot, he revered British culture and its institutions, and was also described by a colleague who knew him well, as a “Bay of Quinte boy.” As an immigrant child in the Loyalist, Kingston area of Upper Canada, he was raised in a community in continuity with the culture of his past. Born in Scotland in 1815, John Alexander Macdonald had immigrated with his family to the Kingston area in 1820. Kingston was already a Scottish enclave, created by Loyalists after the American Revolution, and by new emigrants from Scotland. In the Highland Clearances, thousands of Scottish ancestors and clan members of Macdonald had been uprooted, as much as Canada’s Aboriginals have, to clear the Scottish highlands in the 18th century for “improved” agriculture. Many had immigrated to North America. John A’s mother spoke Gaelic and John A. was raised and educated in a Scottish Presbyterian atmosphere. Gwyn writes that Macdonald never perceived himself as a Canadian, but rather as a British North American. He was a Scot, a North American loyal to the British culture and its institutions, and one who was raised in Loyalist Upper Canada. From such beginnings, Macdonald grew to become a savvy politician, able to relate to the 19th century “crazy-quilt” fabric of a largely immigrant society north of the 49th parallel which we today we call Canada. He genuinely liked all people and felt comfortable with everyone, states Gwyn. Important also politically in the political struggle in Canada for union, Scots, got along exceptionally well with the Catholic French. Gwyn suggests that most possibly, if it had not been for MacDonald’s ability at the “long game” and his stubborn tenacity, we would not be Canadian today; in that sense he was the man that made us. He had the ability to pull together the varied disparate social political elements of the time into a united will for Confederation, facilitating the main creative strategy for the formation of an “un-American” legislative union, a nation, above the 49th parallel remaining loyal to British values and institutions.