Hegemony by Foster Stuart
The term, “hegemony” is used in at least two main ways: 1) as a more or less neutral term describing a geo-political state of affairs and 2) as a more loaded term, referring to the domination of democratic-capitalism in the twentieth-century. This latter way is associated with neo-Marxism and especially Antonio Gramsci who used the concept of “cultural hegemony” to explore the wide-spread power and influence of democratic-capitalism. From a geo-political stance, hegemony is the particular hold that one group of people have on the surrounding territory. Hegemony is said to exist when there is a relatively stable political centre to administer and protect the flow of capital within a defined territory.
Almost all hegemonies involve a hierarchy with those who make up the political centre receiving the most benefit from the hegemony. That is most of the capital flows into the centre. Despite this inequality, hegemonies tend to be relatively stable, at least for a time. The existence of hegemony is easier to understand when we begin with the household, which in most of history has existed as a mini-hegemony.